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> The 26th ESV Conference Proceedings can be found here


Sunday 9 June 2019

16:00 - 20:00 : Pre-registration

Monday 10 June 2019

08:30 - 09:30 : Networking & Coffee

Room: Dome

U.S. Government Awards, ESV Member Countries: Government Status Reports, Exhibition Opening.

12:00 - 13:00 : Lunch

Moderator: Jack Danielson
Panelists: Governor Matt Blunt, Malin Ekholm, Maurice Geraets and Jack Weast
Room: Dome

In keeping with the conference theme, the plenary session will discuss what panelists see as key future technologies for enhancing traffic safety in the light vehicle, commercial vehicle, transit, and infrastructure sectors.

TRACK A: What happens when everyone has a high tech vehicle?

Moderator: Cem Hatipoglu
Panelists: Dr. Kay Stepper, Jeremy McClain, David Zuby and Klaus Kompass
Room: Dome

Panel will identify and discuss issues that may rise in importance when most vehicles sold are "high tech" in terms of sensors, technologies, automation and connectivity. What are the implications for maintenance, calibration, scaling (e.g. radar interference), cybersecurity, training, infrastructure? In addition participants will discuss what is needed to facilitate a vision of full or nearly full deployment of advanced technology features.

16:00 - 16:30 : Coffee break


TRACK B: Getting there safely together - the interaction of human and machine

Moderator: Tim Johnson
Panelists: Oliver Carsten, David Abbink, Peter Burns and Tom Gasser
Room: Dome

Panel will discuss how human-vehicle interaction will change and evolve as vehicles become more automated and connected.
Room: Restaurant of the Evoluon
Fee: Included in the registration fee (pre-registration is mandatory)

RDW is pleased to invite you to attend the Welcome reception after the final special session of the first conference day. You will find ample opportunity to meet old friends, make new acquaintances and share your first impressions of the 2019 ESV! The Reception will take place at the Restaurant of the Evoluon. The Welcome reception includes a mingle plate with a variety of bites and drinks.

Tuesday 11 June 2019

08:00 - 08:30 : Networking & Coffee

Coffee break during these sessions from 10:30 - 11:00 in Catering area.

TRACK A: Protection of Vulnerable Road Users

Chair: Rikard Fredriksson, Sweden
Co-Chair: Yasuhiro Matsui, Japan
Room: Neptune

Protection of children, pedestrians, and cyclists from injury due to crashes continues to attract worldwide attention. For children, test procedures for assessing child restraint system side impact performance and ease-of-use, use of child dummies in consumer vehicle test programmes, and new research into rear seat performance in crashes has raised considerable attention to child safety issues. Papers for the child safety portion of this session should focus on these issues, methods, or data that can further the protection of children in vehicles. Pedestrian and cyclist protection has been the focus of research worldwide in recent years. Much progress has been made in this area but additional challenges remain. Attention has also been placed on improving the frontal structure of passenger vehicles to mitigate head injuries as well as lower extremity injuries. Many consumer metric programs have implemented rating systems to encourage deployment of these crash mitigation solutions. Despite these efforts, pedestrian safety continues to be a severe problem in several countries. For this session, papers are invited that focus on crashworthiness solutions being designed and offered to address the many issues faced by children, pedestrians, cyclists, and other vulnerable road users.

Paper titles:
  • Pedestrian Accident situations involving vehicles at low speeds in Japan
  • The potential of vehicle and road Infrastructure Interventions in fatal bicyclist accidents on Swedish roads - What can in-depth studies tell us?
  • Improving the effectiveness of active safety systems to significantly reduce accidents with vulnerable road users - The project prospect (Proactive Safety for Pedestrians and Cyclists)
  • Forward Collision Warning based on a driver model to increase drivers' acceptance
  • Detection of Cyclist and Pedestrians around Heavy Commercial Vehicles
  • Effect of Subaru EyeSight on pedestrian-related bodily injury liability claim frequencies
  • Handling of Child Restraint Systems (CRS) with special focus on misuse
  • Responses of the scaled infant human body model in simulated frontal motor vehicle crashes
  • Analysis of rider and child pillion passenger kinematics along with injury mechanisms during motorcycle crash
  • Development and Evaluation of a Thorax Injury Prediction Tool (TIPT) and Possibilities for Incorporation within improved Test and Assessment Procedures - Results from SENIORS
  • Research of Pedestrian Injury Reduction Mechanism between the beginning of the collision and fall of the ground

TRACK B: Safety Performance in Frontal and Rear Crashes

Chair: Youghan Youn, Republic of Korea
Co-Chair: Stephen Summers, United States
Room: Philips Hall

Despite reductions in overall crash-related death and injury, frontal impacts continue to result in the highest numbers of fatalities and injuries. Rear-end crashes continue to be the most frequent crashes. Car and truck manufacturers have achieved significant improvement in crash protection over the last four decades, however new test requirements continue to challenge occupant safety in frontal and rear-end crashes. Changing vehicle fleet characteristics in response to new fuel efficiency requirements challenges manufacturers to seek new materials and manufacturing methods to manage crash energy while reducing mass. The session will examine how vehicle and crash characteristics affect restraint design and overall occupant safety. Papers are invited that discuss safety issues for frontal and rear crash protection that are being investigated through modelling, testing or data analysis. Session papers may also include various aspects of frontal crash compatibility, full frontal and oblique safety countermeasures, test devices, test procedures, and performance requirements.

Paper titles:
  • Evaluation of the Safety Performance and Weight Reduction Using CFRP Modified Automotive Structures in NHTSA's Frontal Oblique Impact Test
  • Optimization of Front End Structures for IIHS Small Overlap Frontal Crash Test
  • Injury Mechanism and Evaluating Methods For Small Overlap and Oblique Frontal Crashes
  • Factors contributing to serious and fatal injuries in belted rear seat occupants in frontal crashes
  • Assessing injury risk of car occupants on rearward facing seats in a full frontal impact - sled tests in a generic test environment
  • Role of Traumatic seatbelt fat stranding in automotive crash injury analysis
  • Banging heads onboard buses: Rating scheme to improve injury mitigation for bus passengers
  • Hearing loss analysis in full scale accident reconstruction
  • Trends in aggressivity and driver risk for cars, SUVs, and pickups: Vehicle incompatibility from 1988-2016
  • Relationship between Frontal Car-to-Car Test Result and Vehicle Crash Compatibility Evaluation in Mobile Progressive Deformable Barrier Test
  • Structural Countermeasure Study on Oblique Offset Frontal Impact
  • 3D Stroke Calculation and Application using 6-DOF Sensors
  • Influence of seating position on occupant's injury criteria
  • The Analysis and Experimental Development of Aspirated Airbags for Conventional and Autonomous Vehicles
  • Front Seatback Strength Improvements Study in Rear Crash Events

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Driving Automation Systems Level 0, 1 and 2. Product Evolution, Evaluation and Real-World Deployment Challenges

Chair: Dr Jost Gail, Germany
Co-Chair: Robert Kreeb, United States
Room: Dome

Driving automation system levels 0, 1 and 2 are continuing to advance in both capability and market share with systems proliferating across product lines from luxury to value-focused brands - and even becoming standard equipment in some models. Level 0 systems include longitudinal and lateral warning systems (such as forward and rear collision warning, lane and roadway departure, and blind-spot warning), automatic emergency braking, dynamic brake support, lane keeping assist, and automatic rear braking. Level 1 systems feature driving assistance systems such as adaptive cruise control, lane centering (but not both simultaneously). Such systems are combined in level 2 driving automation to provide even greater driving automation features. Developing and deploying these systems in today's marketplace, however, often involves balancing safety performance, customer acceptance, cost and vehicle integration considerations. Vehicle manufacturers and suppliers are examining advanced driving systems (ADAS) and other driving automation technologies to balance desired system attributes while avoiding potential negative consequences (such as distraction, false positives, or over-reliance), while achieving necessary customer and market acceptance through system performance calibration. In parallel, regulators and safety advocacy organisations are working to develop objective test procedures, better understand relationships between test track performance and real-world effectiveness, and estimate benefits of each technology in isolation and when integrated into holistic systems. Papers are invited on research for ADAS levels 0, 1, and 2 in the following areas: system development tools and methods; balancing design trade-offs to meet customer satisfaction and safety goals; deployment, customer education and maintenance considerations; performance demands and sensor selection and integration; controlled test procedures and performance ratings; evaluating real-world customer use and satisfaction; long-term adaptation and reliance issues; estimates of potential safety benefits; as well as other vehicle integration, testing, performance rating, future product development and customer use considerations.

Paper titles:
  • Tolerability of Unexpected Autonomous Emergency Braking Maneuvers on Motorcycles - a Methodology for Experimental Investigation
  • Assessing the case for requiring AEB on city buses and developing technical requirements and test procedures
  • Future potential of Automatic Emergency Braking Systems for heavy trucks
  • Intersection AEB implementation strategies for left-turn across path crashes
  • Characteristics of Rear-End Crashes Involving Passenger Vehicles with Automatic Emergency Braking
  • Typical Pre-crash Scenarios Reconstruction for Two-wheelers and Passenger Vehicles and Its Application in Parameter Optimization of AEB System Based on NAIS Database
  • How close to zero fatalities can Volvo cars get by 2020? An analysis of fatal crashes with modern Volvo passenger cars in Sweden
  • Car-to-car accidents at intersections in Europe and identification of Use Cases for the test and assessment of respective active vehicle safety systems
  • Towards Harmonizing Prospective Effectiveness Assessment for Road Safety: Comparing Tools in Standard Scenario Simulation
  • An Assessment Approach to Assisted Driving Systems
  • Hydroplaning avoidance - a holistic system approach
  • Safety evaluation of automated vehicle through actual vehicle tests in cut-in and lateral overlap cut-in situation.
  • Quantifying Vision Zero: Crash Avoidance in rural and motorway accident scenarios by combination of ACC, AEB and LKA projected to German accident occurrence
  • Crash and Injury Prevention Estimates for Intersection Driver Assistance Systems in Left Turn Across Path / Opposite Direction Crashes in the United States
Room: Catering area

13:00 - 13:45 : Lunch speaker

Speaker: Gert Jan Wijlhuizen
Room: Neptune

Bicycle/Pedestrian Interaction with Automobiles - Netherlands Perspective
Lunch speaker discusses Netherlands experience with pedestrian/bicyclist interaction with vehicles and shares some lessons learned and best practices

12:30 - 14:30 : ACC - Help Guide the 2020 materials & safety roadmap: Roadmapping Luncheon

Room: Saturn
Coffee break during these sessions from 16:30 - 17:00 in Catering area.

TRACK A: Biomechanics: Advances in Experimental and Mathematical Biomechanics and Human Injury Research

Chair: Aloke Prasad, United States
Co-Chair: Rainer Hoffmann, Germany
Room: Neptune

The study of human injuries associated with motor vehicle crashes begins with detailed field data analysis to support an enhanced understanding of the factors associated with injury outcomes.
Given field data observations related to injury causation and associated injury mechanisms, there is frequently a need for the development and application of physical and mathematical tools such as advanced test dummies and detailed mathematical models of humans. This technical session seeks papers that address: (1) advances in assessing patterns and causation of injuries in real-world cases; (2) experimental and analytical studies addressing human response and injury mechanisms; (3) collection/application of new experimental or geometric data in the development of human body models or advanced test dummies including considerations for human variability in anthropometry, stature, age, and injury tolerance; (4) application of accident reconstruction methods that account for variability in anthropometry, posture, response, and injury tolerance; and (5) application of human body models in the development of advanced/adaptive vehicle safety systems.

Paper titles:
  • Simulation Assessment of Injury Trends for 50th Percentile Males Using Potential Seating Configurations of Future Automated Driving System (ADS) Equipped Vehicles
  • Posture and Belt Fit in Reclined Passenger Seats
  • The Influence of Reclined Seating Positions on Lumbar Spine Kinematics and Loading in Frontal Impact Scenarios
  • Passenger Muscle Responses in Lane change and Lane change with Braking Manoeuvres using two belt configurations: standard and reversible pre-pretensioner
  • Validation of a Simplified Human Body Model in Relaxed and Braced Conditions in Low-Speed Frontal Sled Tests
  • Development of a Hybrid Muscle Controller in LS-DYNA for an Active Finite Element Human Body Model Capable of Occupant Kinematics Prediction in Frontal and Lateral Maneuvers
  • A Step Towards Integrated Safety Simulation through Pre-Crash to In-Crash Data Transfer
  • A frame work to consider the New Injury Severity Score (NISS) and a Functional Capacity Index (FCI) in determining airbag deployment threshold
  • Development of a human FE model for elderly female occupants in side crashes
  • Elderly Rib Fracture in Nearside Crash in Real-World Crash Data
  • Evaluation of thoracic deflection criteria in frontal collision using thoracic impactor simulation with human body FE model
  • Simulating cerebral edema and delayed fatality after traumatic brain injury using triphasic swelling biomechanics
  • Prediction of Probability of Fatality Due to Brain Injury in Traffic Accidents
  • BrIC and Field Brain Injury Risk

TRACK B: Safety Performance in Side Impact and Rollover Crashes

Chair: Thomas Belcher, Australia
Co-Chair: Suzanne Tylko, Canada
Room: Philips Hall

Side-impact crashes continue to account for a significant percentage of crash fatalities and injuries worldwide. The introduction of improved side-impact test dummies and instrumentation will continue to challenge vehicles' responses in side-impact crashes. Additionally, while advanced vehicle control and safety technologies have been introduced into a large segment of the new vehicle fleet, rollover-related deaths still represent a significant portion of the overall fatalities. This session invites papers related to understanding considerations behind new test dummies, performance measures, and the changing worldwide crash environment. The session may also discuss countermeasures to reduce the occupant risk of injury in side-impact and rollover crashes.

Paper titles:
  • Status of NHTSA's Ejection Mitigation Research
  • Occupant Injuries Related to Rollover Crashes and Ejections using Recent Crash Data
  • Comparison of higher severity side impact tests of IIHS-good-rated vehicles struck by LTVs and a modified IIHS barrier with the current IIHS side test and real-world crashes.
  • Real World Accident Analysis of Car-to-Car Intersection Near-Side Impacts: Focus on Pelvis Injury
  • Repeatability of the carousel dynamic stability and rollover test device
  • A framework for improving of heavy truck cab crashworthiness under rollover conditions

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Automated Driving Systems Levels 3, 4 and 5: Product Evolution, Evaluation and Real-World Deployment Challenges

Chair: Riender Happee, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Professor Kyongsu Yi, Republic of Korea
Room: Dome

Automated Driving Systems could become one of the most exciting and important innovations in transportation history. Significant research, development, and testing activities are ongoing worldwide to facilitate their safe deployment. Approaches to building public acceptance, trust, and confidence remain some of the most important challenges. This session invites papers related to new safety metrics; system performance testing and evaluation approaches including utility of track, simulation, and on-road testing; next-generation test tools and methods to perform tightly coordinated multi-vehicle scenario tests safely; approaches to addressing the challenges associated with handling a variety and volumes of driving data; approaches to identifying minimum datasets and data trigger points to validate assumptions and confirm performance expectations; approaches to assessing the common sub-functions of driving automation, such as localisation, perception, prediction, path planning, etc. independently. This session may also discuss topics such as minimum risk conditions, the notion of "takeover-readiness" for Level 3 systems, and holistic approaches to understanding the intersection of mobility and safety impacts of ADS.

Paper titles:
  • Accidents involving cars in automated mode - which accident scenarios will (not) be avoided by level 3 systems?
  • Assessment of Technical Requirements for Level 3 and Beyond Automated Driving Systems Based on Naturalistic Driving and Accident Data Analysis
  • An optimization-based method to identify relevant scenarios for type approval of automated vehicles
  • A Method for Scenario Risk Quantification for Automated Driving Systems
  • Prospective effectiveness safety assessment of automated driving functions - from the method to the results
  • Different approaches to the new regulatory challenges for connected and automated vehicles (CAV)
  • Towards a quantitative "safety" metric for autonomous vehicles
  • Intention of manoeuvre and motion prediction of other road users: a hybrid approach
  • Development and Implementation of safety evaluation scenarios for automated driving vehicles on test bed
  • Development of an emergency control algorithm for a fail-safe system in automated driving vehicles
  • Proposal of a Test Procedure for Evaluating the Human-Machine-Interface of Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems
  • Estimating expected levels of mutual interference in automotive RADARs and system impacts
  • Development of a safety assurance process for autonomous vehicles in Japan
  • Development of safety evaluation scenarios for infra-cooperated automated valet parking systems

Wednesday 12 June 2019

08:00 - 08:30 : Networking & Coffee

Coffee break during these sessions from 10:30 - 11:00 in Catering area.

TRACK A: Biomechanics: Advances in Crash Test Dummies, Instrumentation and Data Analysis

Chair: Philippe Vezin, France
Co-Chair: Dr Kevin Moorhouse, United States
Room: Neptune

New or improved crash test dummies are continuously being developed for various crash mode applications. This development involves consideration of new analytical techniques to evaluate and improve dummy biofidelity. The WorldSID and THOR dummy families are in final development, while other new dummies such as BioRID and advanced child dummies are being considered for widespread use. The application of these new dummies is preceded by assessments for biofidelity, durability, repeatability, and reproducibility of the respective dummies and often occasions consideration of the use of novel/new designs and of new materials. Finally, mathematical models of dummies continue to improve. Technical papers are invited to discuss new dummies and improvements to existing dummies, as well as related instrumentation and analytical techniques that are under development to address future safety needs for vehicle design, testing, and restraint system development.

Paper titles:
  • Q10 Euro NCAP 2020 update dummies compared with current Q10 in frontal and side impact sled tests
  • Biomechanical Validation of a new biofidelic Dummy
  • Photogrammetry and Motion Analysis Methodologies for Head Dummy Behavior Observation
  • Study on Identification of Characteristics of Thorax of THOR-M50 (Metric)
  • Updated Chest Injury Criterion for the THOR dummy
  • Application of Multiple Rib Gages to Improve Chest Injury Measurements
  • Improved Thoracic Injury Risk Functions for the THOR-M-50 developed in a new simulation-based Approach
  • Study of chest injury risk probability within the seniors project for 45- and 65- year old car occupants using current and advanced restraint systems in sled test with THOR dummy
  • Comparing restraint system sensitivity between the THOR and the Hybrid III, and potential implications in restraint optimization
  • Comparison of Thorax Responses between the Belted Elderly Occupant Human Body and THOR-50M FE Models under Typical Frontal Crash Test Conditions
  • Test Methodology for Evaluating the Reclined Seating Environment with Human Surrogates
  • THOR 50M Suitability for Automated Vehicle Crashworthiness
  • THOR ATD response in Oblique and Lateral Far-side Sled Tests

TRACK B: Restraint System Design and Performance Challenges: Addressing the Needs of Diverse Populations (Age, Gender, Stature)

Chair: Riske Meijer, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Lotta Jakobsson, Sweden
Room: Philips Hall

Vehicle restraints in frontal crashes are only slightly more than 50 percent effective in preventing fatalities. Occupant protection can be improved through the development of advanced restraint systems that can consider occupant characteristics such as age, gender, size, and posture, as well as the anticipated crash characteristics. There are also concerns regarding restraint design for future vehicles that may be smaller and/or lower in mass to improve fuel efficiency. The aging population will be an increasing consideration when it comes to restraint design. Adaptive protection systems will be needed to optimally protect an increasingly vulnerable occupant population. The safety for rear seating positions has not had the same improvement as the front seats. These issues are receiving the attention of safety researchers world-wide. Papers are invited on research related to safety performance for new vehicle and restraint designs, especially as they pertain to older occupants, small females, and heavier populations.

Paper titles:
  • Effectiveness of seat belt reminders among children and teenagers in real-world crashes
  • A Usability Study of Seatbelt Buckle Accessibility for Elderly Occupants
  • An Examination of the Effectiveness of Seat Belt Assurance Systems: A Naturalistic Driving Study Solution
  • A parametric study of an adaptive load-limiting restraint system with weight sensing considerations
  • Frontal Crash Simulations Using Parametric Human Models Representing a Diverse Population
  • The geometrical relationship between the lap belt and occupants' anterior superior iliac spine
  • Investigation of Restraint Characteristics for Elderly Occupant Chest injury reduction
  • Investigation on restraint approach: reduce thoracic injury by distributing high restraint forces in oblique crashes
  • New Passenger Restraints with Adaptivity to Occupant Sizes, Seating Positions and Crash Scenarios through Paired ATD-HM Study
  • New approaches in modeling belt-flesh-pelvis interaction using obese GHBMC models
  • Analysis of the interaction between child occupants and deploying frontal passenger airbag in simulated frontal crashes
  • Paired comparison of ATD responses for the CMVSS 213 bench and Proposed FMVSS 213 Bench
  • Euroncap Child Occupant Protection - How the 2016 Protocol Improved Cars and CRS Compatibility and Dynamic Interaction.
  • Coupling device for child restraint system (CRS) for infants affected with Osteogenesis Imperfecta: design and numerical assessment

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Human-Machine Interface Design and Driver Monitoring Technologies in Vehicles

Chair: Peter Burns, Canada
Co-Chair: Eric Traube, United States
Room: Dome

The success of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and automation driving systems (ADS) will depend on the quality of the human-machine interface (HMI), and potentially the system's ability to monitor the driver's level of attention. There has been extensive work on HMIs for ADAS systems, including auditory alerts, haptic alerts, visual alerts and many combinations of those three. Driver monitoring capabilities would enable adjustments to warning parameters when drivers are identified as being disengaged, distracted, drowsy, or otherwise impaired. In addition, driving automation systems could take advantage of "knowing" the driver's state in terms of transition of control back to the driver. The development of monitoring technology is important, as are the development of human factors principles and evaluation methods for their application to the various levels of driving automation. Papers are invited on research related to the driver-vehicle interface for crash avoidance systems, driver monitoring technology, driver behaviour and engagement patterns, fatigue drowsiness, distraction, and other impairments, and how they relate to driving automation systems.

Paper titles:
  • Development of a modular tool for safety assessments of human-machine-interaction for assisted driving functions (SAE Level 2)
  • Benefits of intuitive auditory cues for blind spot in supporting personalization
  • Improvement of driver active interventions during Autonomous driving by displaying trajectory pointers - A driving simulator study
  • A new methodology to model driver behaviour accounting for the variation in driving manners using naturalistic driving data.
  • Distracted Driving Detection using On-Board Sensors
  • The influence of a gaze direction based Attention Request to maintain mode awareness
  • Driver Workload Estimation based on Realistic In-vehicle Sensors
  • The Detection of Drowsiness Using a Driver Monitoring System
  • Driver Alcohol Detection System For Safety (DADSS) - A Non-Regulatory Approach In The Research And Development Of Vehicle Safety Technology To Reduce Alcohol-Impaired Driving - A Status Update.
  • Driver Alcohol Detection System For Safety (DADSS) - Pilot Field Operational Tests (PFOT) Vehicle Instrumentation & Integration of DADSS Technology.
  • Assessing System Implementation Readiness of the Driver Alcohol Assessing System Implementation Readiness of the Driver Alcohol Detection System For Safety (DADSS) To Reduce Alcohol-Impaired Driving in a Real-World Driving Pilot Deployment Project.
  • Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) - Human Testing of Two Passive Methods of Detecting Alcohol in Tissue and Breath Compared to Venous Blood
  • Vehicle integrated non-dispersive infrared sensor system for passive breath alcohol determination
  • Development of portable breath-alcohol-detection system
Room: Catering area

Lunch speaker

Speaker: David Ward
Room: Neptune

Providing an International Perspective on Advanced Vehicle Technology Deployment
Coffee break during these sessions from 15:45 - 16:15 in Catering area.

TRACK A: Student Safety Technology Design Competition, Finalist Oral Presentations

Competition Coordinator: Art Carter, United States & Bernd Lorenz, Germany
Room: Neptune


TRACK B: Consumer-Focused Approaches in Vehicle Safety to Drive the Automotive Market on a Global Scale

Chair: Andre Seeck, Germany
Co-Chair: Michiel van Ratingen, Netherlands
Room: Dome

In recent years, consumer information programs have become widely accepted in the U.S., Europe, Japan, Australia, Korea, China, Latin America, and other countries for providing vehicle safety ratings and information about driver assistance technologies. The motor vehicle industry continues to improve the safety performance of vehicles as it strives to receive the highest safety marks possible. In addition to assessing occupant crash safety, programs are now giving credit for advanced crash avoidance systems and considering various approaches for evaluation of other future-looking vehicle technologies. While assessment strategy varies from region to region, the programs all strive for similar outcomes-safer vehicles. Papers are invited to discuss test conditions, performance measures, presentation and dissemination of results, public acceptance, and integration of active and passive safety ratings.

Paper titles:
  • Developments in car crash safety and comparisons between results from EURO NCAP tests and real-world crashes
  • Guideline for a vehicle purchase policy aiming at a safe and sustainable vehicle fleet
  • The role of vehicle age in road fatalities and the community awareness activities employed to encourage fleet renewal and reduce road trauma
  • Improvements to ASEAN NCAP crash test rating sans a platform change
  • Euro NCAP-new frontal impact test with mobile progressive deformable barrier (MPDB)
  • Euro NCAP Side Impact Working Group Report
  • ANCAP Child Occupant Protection Assessment - Performance of Australasian Child Restraints in Full Scale Crash Tests
  • Consumer Initiatives to Improve Child Safety in Europe
  • Trends in pedestrian protection for vehicles rated by Australasian NCAP
  • Development of a Certification Procedure for Numerical Pedestrian Models
  • Assessment of new active safety systems addressing urban intersection scenarios including Vulnerable Road Users
  • Establishing and Communicating Rules for Automated Driving Vehicles

TRACK C: Crash Avoidance: Electronics Systems Safety, Cybersecurity and Consumer Privacy

Chair: Eric Traube, United States
Co-Chair: Yasuhiro Matsui, Japan
Room: Philips Hall

For decades, motor vehicles continually evolved to become some of the most complex and computerized consumer products. Recent and continuing advances in automotive technology in sensing, communications, and computing are enabling further capabilities such as vehicle automation. Along with these capabilities come challenges associated with electronics reliability, product cybersecurity and consumer privacy. This session invites papers that describe cutting edge research related to addressing key challenges for the expanded use of electronics, vehicle software and connectivity in vehicles, including: risk-based approaches to addressing cybersecurity challenges throughout the vehicle life cycle; application of the NIST cybersecurity framework; emerging cyber-resilient design concepts; hazard analysis approaches; fail-safe and fail-operational concepts; sensor and system redundancy considerations; infrastructure expectations in support of automation availability and connectivity; on-board data collection, access, data ownership, and privacy considerations.

Paper titles:
  • Contrast between road and roadside material for road edge detection in vehicle road departure mitigation system
  • Determine Characteristics Requirement for the Surrogate Road Edge Objects for Road Departure Mitigation Testing
  • Societal Benefit of Automatic Emergency Braking and Lane Departure Warning Systems in Large Trucks
  • Estimation of Potential Safety Benefits for Pedestrian Crash Avoidance/Mitigation Systems in Light Vehicles
  • Dynamic Evaluation of Cloud-Based Active Safety Systems
  • Amok Safety Lock (ASL) development and demonstration of a new function for the prevention of intentional vehicle misuse against pedestrians
  • Approach for Deriving Scenarios for Safety of the Intended Functionality
  • Development of Trailer Identification System for Implementation of Vehicle Safety Communications in Articulated Tractor-Trailers
  • Power Requirements for a Redundant Automated Steering System for Trucks
  • ADAS testing in Canada: Could partial automation make our roads safer?
  • Informed Trust - An External User Interface for Highly Automated Vehicles
Fee: €74,69 excluding VAT (pre-registration is mandatory)

18:00 - 19:00 : Drinks and bites
Opportunity to discover the museum at your own pace. Various guides will be at your service to tell you about the variety of museum pieces and DAF's history.

19:30 - 23:00 : Word of welcome by the CEO of RDW, Ab van Ravestein, followed by a lovely three course dinner *.

The ESV2019 Conference Dinner will take place at a unique venue: the DAF Museum.

DAF's history goes back to 1928, when the brothers Hub and Wim van Doorne laid the foundations for what has now become DAF Trucks. What started as a small engineering business and blacksmith workshop, developed into the fastest growing truck manufacturing business in Europe. A tour of the DAF Museum will take visitors from one surprise to the next. The inventiveness that has been characteristic to DAF vehicles from 1928 through present day will even captivate visitors who have no knowledge of the subject.
The evening includes a 3 course dinner* including beverages, and an atmospheric musical setting.

*) Please note that any dietary requirements or allergies must be specified upfront (during the online registration) to allow us to compose a customized menu which meets your wishes.

Thursday 13 June 2019

08:00 - 08:30 : Networking & Coffee

Coffee break during these sessions from 10:30-11:00 in Catering area.

TRACK A: Adapting Safety Evaluation Approaches for Vehicles with Automated Driving Systems

Chair: Jim Hand, United Kingdom
Co-Chair: Michiel Christoph, Netherlands
Room: Philips Hall

Existing vehicle safety regulations, test procedures, and performance requirements were all developed to apply to vehicles with manual driving controls present. The development of Automated Driving Systems (ADS) enables vehicle designs without driving controls and necessitates reconsideration of existing regulations, test procedures and performance requirements. A vehicle with an ADS might be designed without user interfaces, such as braking, acceleration, steering, or transmission gear selection. Test procedures that presume an occupant near driving controls may need to be considered. The presence of vehicles without occupants needs to be considered for the future roadway environment and infrastructure. This session invites papers that discuss how regulations, test procedures, and performance measures could be adapted to encompass the vehicles with ADS designs under consideration.

Paper titles:
  • BMW's Safety Guidelines For The Testing And Deployment Of Automated Vehicles
  • Occupant protection for AD - the paradigm shift in crash safety?
  • Euro NCAP's first step to assess Automated Driving systems
  • Assessment, Evaluation, and Approaches to Technical Translations of FMVSS and Test Procedures That May Impact Compliance of Innovative New Vehicle Designs Associated with Automated Driving Systems
  • A Framework for Definition of Logical Scenarios from an Egocentric Perspective for Safety Assurance of Automated Driving
  • Certification of Highly Automated Vehicles for Use on public roads
  • Challenges for Occupant Safety in Highly Automated Vehicles across Various Anthropometries
  • Research of Minimize Steering Grasping to Take over Driver from System in Advance Safety System
  • Multi-agent traffic simulations to estimate the impact of automated technologies on safety.
  • Development and Application of an Expert Assessment Method for Evaluating the Usability of SAE Level 3 ADS HMIs
  • A Framework for Automated Driving System Testable Cases and Scenarios
  • Fault tree-based Derivation of Safety Requirements for Automated Driving on the Example of cooperative Valet Parking
  • Research on skillful drivers' merging behaviors and statistical analysis of traffic lane flow for an investigation of automatic merging assessment method
  • Functional Decomposition - a Contribution to Overcome the Parameter Space Explosion during Validation of Highly Automated Driving

TRACK B: Automated and Integrated Crash Safety

Chair: Jac Wismans, Netherlands
Co-Chair: Marcus Wisch, Germany
Room: Dome

This session seeks papers regarding research on new safety systems that can anticipate and react to potentially hazardous situations across the entire crash spectrum. These systems integrate sensor data from advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and in the future from driving automation systems and use this awareness to optimize occupant safety for a wide variety of vehicle configurations. New advanced technology vehicles are aware of the environment around and within the vehicle and can inform/adjust and/or intervene with other systems in the vehicle. Vehicle designs that include ADSs anticipate new occupant compartment seating configurations and seating postures. A fusion of sensor input can optimise vehicle response, change occupant posture and restraint performance as needed to enhance occupant safety. Post-crash telematics could inform first responders of specific vehicle and occupant factors that would assist in triage and level of response. Papers are sought to describe systems under development, opportunities for sensor fusion, system readiness, cost, reliability, performance, and post-crash response.

Paper titles:
  • ESF 2019 - Experimental Safety Vehicle Meets Automated Driving Mode
  • Calculation of the Point Of No Return (PONR) from real-world accidents
  • Occupant activities and sitting positions in automated vehicles in China and Sweden
  • Integrated Safety: Establishing Links for a Comprehensive Virtual Tool Chain
  • Euro NCAP's first step towards scenario-based assessment by combining Autonomous Emergency Braking and Autonomous Emergency Steering
  • Injury risk-based criteria for the application of adaptive logic to ADAS systems
  • New Driver Safety Concept for Automated and Manual Driving Mode
  • Collision detection using ADAS sensor and its effect on occupant injury
  • Evaluation of the Protective Performance of a Novel Restraint System for Highly Automated Vehicles
  • Effect of automated versus manual emergency braking on rear seat adult and pediatric occupant pre-crash motion
  • Development of a side impact crash using integrated system
  • Research of bicyclist detection by enhanced pedestrian detection system with ADAS
  • Evaluation of the threshold for dispatching the doctor to the accident site being used in AACN

TRACK C: Assessment of New and Improved Field Data Collection, Analysis, and Benefits Assessment Methods

Chair: Cem Hatipoglu, United States
Co-Chair: Rob Eenink, Netherlands
Room: Neptune

Use of crash data helps to stimulate all aspects of vehicle safety from research to policy to regulation. These data also play a leading role in the development of crash prevention and crash protection countermeasures. However, due to the increase in crash avoidance technologies, the collection and analysis of these technologies needs to evolve to understand the real-world performance and to quantify the benefits and limitations of these technologies. Data collected on event data recorders (EDRs), other data loggers, or over-the-air for close calls or near miss crash events will be needed. Also, several naturalistic studies and testing of Automated Driving Systems (ADSs) are in progress in various regions of the world that will provide additional insight into how crashes occur, providing additional information on prevention. Worldwide, data collection programs in Asia, Europe, Australia, and the U.S, are being used more to drive research and policy decisions. This session invites papers aimed at a discussion of future data collection and analysis methods. Papers related to such topics as EDRs, naturalistic driving data on human-vehicle performance, crash avoidance technologies and all levels of vehicle automation, and crash reconstruction are welcome in this session. Also, papers on analytical methods for estimating potential benefits of safety technologies, evaluation methods of video data, universal descriptions of crash causal factors and resulting crash types, and other related topics are welcome in this session.

Paper titles:
  • The Residual Road Departure Crash Problem after Full Deployment of LDW and LDP Systems
  • The effect of P-AEB system parameters on the effectiveness for real world pedestrian accidents
  • Applying Lane Keeping Support Test Track Performance to Real-World Crash Data
  • Evaluation of AEB Effectiveness Using Counterfactual Simulations of SHRP2 Naturalistic Crashes
  • Real-world evaluation of driver assistance systems for vulnerable road users based on insurance crash data in Sweden
  • Detecting potential vehicle concerns using natural language processing applied to automotive big data
  • Investigating accidents involving highly automated vehicles: Concept of a data trustee and data model for future Homologation
  • Speeding in crashes in the United States of America: A pilot study using event data recorder information from NASS-CDS
  • Estimated Benefit of Automated Emergency Braking Systems for Vehicle-Pedestrian Crashes in the U.S.
  • The L3Pilot Common Data Format - Enabling Efficient Automated Driving Data Analysis
  • Passenger car safety beyond ADAS: Defining remaining accident configurations as future priorities
  • Prospective Effectiveness Assessment of Road Vehicle Automation based on Driver Performance Models
  • Have we collected enough field data?

12:45 - 13:15 : Conference Closing Session

13:15 - 14:00 : Lunch

14:00 - 17:30 : Field Trip A: TNO/TASS - Simulation as tool for real-world high-risk traffic situations

Simulation has been used for development of vehicles for many years. Future automated technology leans heavily on the results of these simulations. In order to make those simulations useful, new methods are necessary to feed real-world relevant simulation cases into virtual environments for testing vehicle(models). TNO develops and operates different tools that separately or combined offer unique possibilities for these purposes. The technical visit provides a demonstration of the TNO facilities, vehicles, tools and insight into recent results of projects related to applications and methodologies for Connected and Automated Driving (C-AD).

> Information Fieldtrip A

13:45 - 21:45 : Field Trip B: TU Delft - Human Behavior and the effects on safety

Human behavior is of increasing importance for safety on the roads. Both behavior of the driver and behavior of others around the vehicles are subject of research at the Delft University of Technology. With three different topics leading Prof. Bart van Arem and his staff will give insight in human behavior research projects. The aim is to provide you with useful knowledge for future safety considerations in policy, development and other areas.
The trip contains amongst others demonstration of different simulators for human behavior.

Additional info: Delft is an ancient Dutch merchant city dating back to 700 a.C. The old inner city is a lively place to spend the evening. There is a 35 minute train connection to Amsterdam Schiphol International Airport (AMS). You might want to spend the night in a hotel in Delft before continuing to the airport.

> Information Fieldtrip B

14:00 - 17:30 : Field Trip C: VDL ETS - New Fuel, new hazards?

Initiated by the desire for more sustainable transport, the internal combustion engine is getting serious competition from alternative powertrain concepts. Electric powertrains are the best alternative in the near future.
The new Enabling Transport Solutions (ETS) department at VDL in Valkenswaard develops heavy duty e-mobility solutions for public transport bus solutions and e-trucks with high power battery charging and hydrogen fuel-cell technology. The scheduled trips of public transport bus operators and transport companies offer good possibilities to balance energy capacity and charging power.
The excursion includes a visit to the company and an explanation and demonstration of the above-mentioned technologies.

VDL ETS is part of VDL Groep, an international industrial family business headquartered in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, with 101 companies operating in 20 countries, with more than 17.000 employees. The VDL companies break down into four divisions: Subcontracting, Car Assembly, Buses and Coaches and Finished products.

> Information Fieldtrip C

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